There was a time when I thought the Old Testament was full of great stories, but that’s all they were—just great stories to show us an awesome God. But I thought the principles we were to live by were contained in the New Testament. Before we move on, what are your thoughts on the Old Testament? Is it relevant for us today? Do we obey and do all it says? Let’s explore this as it will impact how you receive the verses in the next post.

The first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy) are referred to as the Torah, Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses. For centuries, the Torah was the whole Bible. When we read in the Bible the “Word,” “law,” or “Scriptures”; they were referring to the Torah. Keep that in mind as you read the verses today.

And remember, this is a bible study so write out your answers and ask God to speak to you through His Word!

Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

What is the purpose of the law?

Deuteronomy 4:6-8 Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statues, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the Lord our God is in all things that we call upon him for? And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?

What else does following God’s law lead to?

Please write what each of the following verses say concerning the law.

Ephesians 2:8, 9 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.

Genesis 15:6 And he (Abram) believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

Galatians 3:6, 21 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.
Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

Romans 4:20-22 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; And being fully persuaded that what he had promised, he was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.

Romans 9:31-32 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone;

Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.

Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.

Psalm 19:7-10 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes. The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.

2 Timothy 3:16-17 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

1 John 5:3 For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.

Deuteronomy 6:1-2 Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go to possess it: That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son’s son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.

Psalm 111:7-8 The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure. They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness.

Deuteronomy 12:32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

Deuteronomy 4:2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

Matthew 5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach [them], the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

What is lawful use of the law?

1 Timothy 1:8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;

I’d like for you to consider this commentary by John Gill on 1 Timothy 1:8:
“if a man use it lawfully; for if it is used in order to obtain life, righteousness, and salvation by the works of it, or by obedience to it, it is used unlawfully: for the law does not give life, nor can righteousness come by it; nor are, or can men be saved by the works of it; to use the law for such purposes, is to abuse it, as the false teachers did, and make that which is good in itself, and in its proper use, to do what is evil; namely, to obscure and frustrate the grace of God, and make null and void the sufferings and death of Christ. A lawful use of the law is to obey it, as in the hands of Christ, the King of saints, and lawgiver in his church, from a principle of love to him, in the exercise of faith on him, without any mercenary selfish views, without trusting to, or depending on, what is done in obedience to it, but with a view to the glory of God, to testify our subjection to Christ, and our gratitude to him for favours received from him.”

According to Gill, what is a lawful use of the law? Do you agree or disagree?

What did Jesus say about the law?

Luke 16:17 [Jesus speaking] And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail.

Luke 24:44 And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me.

Matthew 5:17-19 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

Summarize: How does the New Testament believer relate to the Old Testament?

Write out a complete paragraph incorporating what you learned from the above verses, internalizing and making this personal for your life.

 

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Is the Old Testament Applicable to today’s Christian?

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